Leave It All Behind
2. What did the rich young man ask Jesus in verse 16? What are some of your observations about the question?
3. How did Jesus answer the man’s question (v. 17)?
4. Upon hearing Jesus’ answer, the rich young man asked Jesus which commandments he must keep. Jesus pointed him to the commandments related to the love of neighbor (see Exodus 20:12-16 and Leviticus 19:18). In the space below, write down the commandments Jesus listed in verses 18-19.
5. How did the young man respond to Jesus, after Jesus listed the commands (v 20)?
What does his response tell you about his understanding of the commandments? Where do you find this same view of God’s commands today?
6. Jesus identified what this man’s idol was and responded accordingly. What was the exchange this young man needed to make, according to Jesus? Why?
7. What did the young man’s response in verse 22, reveal about him?
8. In verses 23-25, Jesus told the disciples that it is difficult for a rich person to enter the kingdom of heaven (to have eternal life). What is it about wealth that makes salvation so difficult?
9. Indeed, the picture Jesus painted in verse 24, of a camel and the eye of the needle, wasn’t intended to suggest, “it’s really hard,” but that it’s impossible. Thus, the disciples were “greatly astonished” (v. 25). Based on their realization of this impossibility, what was their question to Jesus? Why do you think they asked him that?
10. In verse 26, Jesus responded to their question by sharing with the disciples the only hope for the wealthy, as well as anyone else who wants eternal life. What did he say?
Read Matthew 27:57 and Luke 19:1-10. How do the two men in these texts reveal the power of God that Jesus was talking about in our Scripture lesson?
What change of perspective did each of these men make, compared to who they were before they decided to follow Jesus?
11. Read verses 27-30. Peter made a case for why he and the other disciples did what the rich young man would not do. Peter wanted to know if there would be any reward in store for their faithfulness. Throughout the Gospels, Jesus said much about the difficulty of being his disciple. Those who would follow him must count the cost and deny themselves.
In verse 28, Jesus said the disciples would indeed be rewarded for leaving everything to follow him. He then followed up in verse 29 by saying all who did likewise would also inherit eternal life. What things did Jesus list that must be left behind to follow him (v. 29)?
What does that “leaving behind” look like, practically?
12. Some scholars believe that Matthew 20:1-16 was a subtle rebuke by Jesus, related to Peter’s comments in verse 27. Read Matthew 20:1-6. How does it relate to this lesson? Do you see why some believe it is a rebuke? Why or why not?
13. Take another look at the commands you wrote down in Question 4. Based on what you know about the teachings of Jesus, write down what each command really means. Read the Sermon on the Mount (Matthew 5, 6, and 7) for help. (Also, Questions & Answers 104 – 115 of The Heidelberg Catechism are very helpful on this matter. You can find the catechism online for free.)
What are three key points you would make if you were explaining to a friend what it means to keep the commands of God?
What response should a proper understanding of the true nature of “keeping God’s commands” elicit from a person? Why is that an important response to have?
14. What, in your life, would Jesus have told you to leave behind, in order to follow him? In other words, what is your idol that is holding you back from fully and faithfully following Jesus?
What can you do, beginning today, to remove that idol from your life? Will you do it?
15. Do your issues with money ever hinder your walk with Christ? Explain. What does Jesus say about serving two masters in Matthew 6:24?
What can you do in your life, with God’s grace, to help you resist the temptation of making money your master, instead of Christ?
Jesus Calls Matthew
* Review and Report on last week’s Walking Points questions and next steps. Thoughts? How did you do? Share any victories and/or struggles you may have had following through with your plan.
1. Read Matthew 9:9-13 twice. (Also read Mark 2:13-17 and Luke 5:27-32) Write down any key ideas or phrases that catch your attention. What are the key principles you believe we ought to draw from this text? Why did you choose those principles?
2. Describe what happened in this text.
3. Why would Jesus calling for Matthew (Levi) to follow him, be a big deal (v. 9)?
Reflect on our last lesson. What does it mean to follow Jesus? How does Luke 5:28 describe Matthew’s response to the call of Jesus?
4. Read John 6. Jesus had a large crowd following him. Why were they following him?
What happened to the large crowd of “followers” by the end of the chapter? Why?
We can’t read people’s minds nor are we to judge the motivation of people’s hearts, but what might John 6 teach us about why some people follow Jesus today? How is that different than what Jesus means when he commands us to follow him?
Do you ever find yourself resembling those who made up the large crowd of followers, in John 6? Explain.
5. Matthew 9:10 says many tax collectors and sinners were at the table with Jesus. The Bible teaches us that we are all sinners. Matthew, however, had something different in mind in his use of the word, “sinners.” What would the Pharisees have meant by their use of the word, “sinners” (v. 11)?
6. Skim through the four Gospels and find three examples of Jesus “hanging out” with tax collectors and/or sinners. Write down who they were. Describe the interaction.
List three things you learned from each encounter.
7. How did Jesus respond when he heard the Pharisees’ question (v. 12-13)?
What did he mean?
Was Jesus teaching that some people are not in need of his mercy and grace? Explain.
8. In Luke 5:32, Luke added that what Jesus calls sinners to is, “repentance.” Read the following verses and describe what they say about repentance – what it is and why it’s needed.
· 2 Chronicles 7:14 –
· Matthew 3:1-2 –
· Acts 2:37-38 –
· Acts 3:19 –
· Romans 2:4 –
· 2 Corinthians 7:8-11 –
9. Based on the Scripture in the previous question, how would you define “repentance” to a friend? And, how would you describe to him his need for repentance?
Do you think it is possible to faithfully communicate the Gospel of Jesus Christ without a call to repentance? Why or why not?
10. Why do you think repentance is so important? What does our need for it teach us about…
· God –
· The work of Christ –
· Ourselves –
11. What is the hardest thing about repentance for you?
In what area(s) of your life do you find it most difficult to repent?
Why is repentance so hard for people to practice on a regular basis?
12. What are three key principles you learned about following Jesus in this lesson?
Write your plan for putting each principle into practice this coming week. Be ready to share your plan at the beginning of the next lesson.
Take Up Your Cross and Follow Jesus
1. Read Luke 9:18-27 twice. Write down any key ideas or phrases that catch your attention. What are the key principles you believe we ought to draw from this text? Why did you choose those principles?
2. In verse 18, Jesus is praying. At some point during that prayer, Jesus turned to his disciples and asked them who the crowds said he was. What answers did they give him in verse 19? Why would they have given the names they did?
3. Jesus then responded by asking his disciples who they thought he was (v. 20). How did Peter answer? Why was his answer significant?
What are three prevalent errors people believe about Jesus in our culture today?
4. In verses 21-22, Jesus referred to himself as the Son of Man who would suffer many things, be rejected, be killed, and be raised on the third day. Read Daniel 7:9-22 and Isaiah 52:13-53:12. What do these two texts teach us about the Son of Man and the Suffering Servant?
Why did Jesus use those designations about himself?
The New Testament tells us repeatedly that Jesus came to his own (the Jews) but they rejected him. Why do you think so many rejected him? What hints do the Daniel and Isaiah texts give you?
List three reasons why people reject Jesus today.
5. According to Jesus, a person must do three things if he would come after Jesus and be his disciple (vv. 23-24)? Next to each one, describe what it means and what it should realistically look like in practice.
· Deny yourself –
· Take up your cross –
· Follow Jesus –
6. Read verse 24. How do you save your life by losing it? How do we lose our lives for the sake of Jesus?
7. Explain verse 25 in your own words.
Give three examples of how a person might “gain the whole world” and lose or forfeit himself.
How does this verse motivate you? Explain.
8. What does it mean to be ashamed of Jesus and his words (v. 26)?
How does Jesus say he will respond to the person who is ashamed of him (v. 26)?
Have you ever been ashamed of Jesus and his words? Describe the situation as fully as you can?
9. Who do you say Jesus is? Why?
Why does it matter what a person thinks about Jesus’ identity?
10. Suppose you’re writing a letter to a friend to explain who Jesus is. Write down three different titles (example: Lord), accompanying Scripture, what the title means, and why you would want your friend to know that about Jesus.
11. What are three misunderstandings people in our culture have regarding what it means to be a Christian? Why do you think they have those views?
12. How are you doing when it comes to denying yourself, taking up your cross daily, and following Jesus? In what areas are you doing well? In what areas do you struggle? Explain.
What are three things you can begin doing today to help you more faithfully obey this command of Jesus?