Part 1: A Shepherd’s Purpose
Now I am ready to visit you for the third time, and I will not be a burden to you, because what I want is not your possessions but you. After all, children should not have to save up for their parents, but parents for their children.  So I will very gladly spend for you everything I have and expend myself as well. If I love you more, will you love me less? …  Have you been thinking all along that we have been defending ourselves to you? We have been speaking in the sight of God as those in Christ; and everything we do, dear friends, is for your strengthening. (2 Corinthians 12:14–15, 19)
A Question of Motives
There are many examples of bad shepherds in the Bible, those with misguided motives and self-centered behavior. However, the Apostle Paul is by no means counted among them. Like anyone placed in leadership, he was occasionally under criticism or suspicion. And yet his life was a continual witness to the purity and goodness of his motives and obedience to his Lord.
Paul made it clear to the Corinthians that he did not want their possessions – their money and material goods, their power or influence – he wanted them. He had labored alongside them for the sake of their church. He told them not only would he spend his own money on them and give them what he had, but he would spend even himself – his very being – for their sake. That’s how much he wanted to see them grow in grace. That’s how much he loved them.
Paul told them that all he had done for them, and continued doing, was for their strengthening, for building them up in their faith. His great desire was to equip and edify them to know and follow Christ Jesus the Lord. There is no greater purpose. There is no greater responsibility. There is no greater privilege.
This should be at the heart of every shepherd of Jesus Christ. And that list of who is included under the heading, “every shepherd,” is a long list indeed. For it is not merely those who have been ordained by the church who are shepherds, but also those who are mothers and fathers, Bible study teachers and small group leaders, youth counselors and Vacation Bible School volunteers, and Christian friends, just to name a few.
I wonder how many shepherds today are “spending and being spent” (as the KJV puts it) on behalf of their flock – those entrusted by God to their care. I wonder how many would look more like those chastised shepherds of the Old Testament who worked from unworthy motives.
To help you discern where your heart is on this, take some time to reflect by asking God to search your heart and weed out any impure and ungodly motives. Ask God for a fresh filling of his Spirit to renew you and give you the same heart that animated the faith and ministry of the Apostle Paul found in our Scripture above. And as you read the next two parts of “A Shepherd’s Calling,” consider the examples of what godly shepherding looks like and how you might emulate them in your own life and ministry.
Part 2: True Shepherds Are Few
Matthew 9:35-38 - Jesus went through all the towns and villages, teaching in their synagogues, preaching the good news of the kingdom and healing every disease and sickness.  When he saw the crowds, he had compassion on them, because they were harassed and helpless, like sheep without a shepherd.  Then he said to his disciples, “The harvest is plentiful but the workers are few.  Ask the Lord of the harvest, therefore, to send out workers into his harvest field.”
I used to read this passage exclusively through the lens of evangelism. And to be sure, there are important implications for evangelism in these verses. However, it occurred to me that what led our Lord to make a plea for “workers” was the noticeable need for faithful shepherds over the harassed and helpless flock of God. The text says the flock was in such poor condition, that it was as though it didn’t have a shepherd at all.
Therefore, Jesus made the point that the need is great, and the workers – those who would be faithful shepherds – are few. He then declared to his hearers that they (we) should ask the Lord to send such workers into these very fields that are in such desperate condition.
In Search of Shepherds
God’s flock needs faithful shepherds today as well. There are many families without a faithful shepherd in the home. Churches have greater needs than the one “professional shepherd” on staff can possibly respond to. A wayward and helpless flock of God is in dire need of faithful shepherds who will lead and guide them, nurture and feed them, defend and guard them, admonish and instruct them – love them to the point of pouring out his or her own life into them – even to the point of losing theirs.
And so, if the need for faithful shepherds is so clear, why aren’t there shepherds standing in line to care for God’s flock?
Reason One for Missing Shepherds
One reason can be found in these words of Gideon,
“How can I save Israel? My clan is the weakest in Manasseh, and I am the least in my family” (Judges 6:15).
Whether from false humility (cowardice) or genuine, many flee responsibility before God because they do not feel they are “up to it.” But since when has God been counting on unaided men and women to do his bidding? His answer to us is the same as it was to Gideon, “I will be with you” (Judges 6:16).
This reminds us of Paul’s words to the church at Corinth regarding God’s use of the weak and foolish things of this world to confound and humble the “strong and wise.” God uses us, but he isn’t dependent upon us. That’s an important distinction. And misunderstanding it is one reason the shepherds are few.
Reason Two for Missing Shepherds
Another reason for the lack of shepherds is the sacrificial nature that is required to be a shepherd. It’s not a romantic or glamorous post in God’s Kingdom. Or, at least, it shouldn’t be. For the sad truth is that for those who have sought their own glory, shepherding has often been pursued.
To such a view of shepherding, Peter says,
1 Peter 5:2-3 – Be shepherds of God’s flock that is under your care, serving as overseers–not because you must, but because you are willing, as God wants you to be; not greedy for money, but eager to serve;  not lording it over those entrusted to you, but being examples to the flock.
For those who would use their position of shepherd as a stepping-stone to their own power, fame, and wealth, Peter’s words must come as quite a shock. He reminds us that shepherds have been entrusted, by God, to care for his tender lambs. And their watch over them must come from the heart – from a genuine willingness to serve them. It shouldn’t be a means to personal fortune. It ought not be drudgery. It absolutely must not be a means by which power and control are sought. As was the ministry of Jesus, our ministry should also be sacrificial – my life for yours – your life for theirs.
To be an example to the flock is to be always “on duty.” It is to be intentional in your thoughts, words, deeds, and desires. As it is for all Christians, it is a call to think, speak, and do rightly – Christianly – and then care for the flock accordingly. This isn’t easy. In fact, I have fallen under conviction even writing these words, for this has reminded me of how far short of this mark I have fallen. And yet it remains the standard to pursue. It is a sacrificial standard. It is a dying to self. Jesus put it this way, “unless a kernel of wheat falls to the ground and dies, it cannot produce many seeds” (John 12:24-26).
For the Sake of Others
And that’s what we’re shooting for – many seeds – fruit that is good, lasting, and abundant (John 15). Our Lord told us the need is great. We needn’t look any further than our own family, church, friends – all our spheres of influence. The harvest is plentiful, but the shepherds are few.
Brothers and sisters, the reality is this: whether you pastor a church, serve on the mission field, parent a child, teach a Bible study, lead a ministry of serving others, or are the resident “Christian in your workplace,” you are a shepherd (or can become one) – to those in your personal mission field. The question is: What kind of shepherd are you?
Part 3: St. Paul the Shepherd
I love Acts 20! As a shepherd entrusted with the care of a local church, I get a lot of mileage out of these farewell words of the Apostle Paul to the church leaders in Ephesus. Paul spent three years shepherding and building the church in Ephesus – longer than he spent with any other church. He poured out his life as he invested in theirs.
As he prepared to depart from them, Paul left the elders with important words for all who would shepherd God’s people. We find these words in Acts 20:17-38.
Paul’s Shepherding Curriculum
Paul reminded the Ephesian elders that he had never hesitated to preach or teach anything that would be helpful to them. I get the sense here that Paul did not focus on their felt needs, but instead, ministered to their actual needs.
What sorts of things would be included in a list of actual needs? Well, the “10,000 mile high” answer would be, “the whole counsel of God.” Here are a few particulars: The character and will of God. The person and work of Jesus Christ. Our sin and need for Christ’s Gospel. The person and work of the Holy Spirit who comforts, ministers, and guides us – who molds and shapes us into the likeness of Jesus Christ. How to live godly lives in a fallen world. How to bear witness for Christ. The blessings of Christian fellowship. “The whole counsel of God” covers a great deal of territory. All we must do is read Paul’s epistles and the Book of Acts and we get a pretty good idea of what Paul covered in his preaching and teaching.
Furthermore, Paul didn’t preach only from a pulpit to the masses. Like the pastoral giant, Richard Baxter, who would use Acts 20 as one of the foundations of his ministry some 1,600 years later, Paul went from house to house – teaching both Jews and Greeks alike that they must turn to God in repentance as well as place their faith in the Lord Jesus Christ if they would be saved.
His work of building up and strengthening believers by communicating this message was the cornerstone of his ministry in Ephesus as well as throughout his missionary journeys. He said in verse 24,
However, I consider my life worth nothing to me, if only I may finish the race and complete the task the Lord Jesus has given me–the task of testifying to the gospel of God’s grace.
The sacrificial nature of a shepherding ministry emerges in Scripture yet again.
Paul’s faithfulness to this blessed task was what enabled him to say in verse 26 that he was, “innocent of the blood of all men.” For he did not hesitate “to proclaim to [the church at Ephesus] the whole will (counsel) of God.” In other words, there were no essential doctrines of the Christian faith omitted. Paul covered everything needed to build them up in their faith and bring glory to God. Paul faithfully preached and taught this when his words were popular and even when they were not (2 Timothy 4:1-3).
I’ve always admired Paul, and any pastor, who ministers so faithfully. Preaching and teaching the whole counsel of God can be hard, especially when it’s what a person would rather not hear. Yet it’s part of a shepherd’s call – whether that shepherd watches over and leads a congregation, a family, a small group, a Sunday school class, or a Christian friend.
I’ve heard it put this way before: If you knew you only had five years to minister to someone, what would you want to make sure they heard, understood, and began to put into practice before they left your influence? Paul had only three years. And we don’t have to guess what he spent every minute preaching and teaching. We need only read the Book of Acts and his epistles to know the heart of Paul’s focus.
The Question for Us
That leaves us with this question: How are we spending our time? Or, put another way: What are we teaching the people entrusted to our care during the time we’ve been given? That is a question not only for pastors, but also for parents, Sunday school teachers, small group leaders, Christian friends, and mentors, just to name a few. A ministry of the word does not have to be formal and official. Indeed, most such ministries are not.
We could and should apply that question to anyone who has Christian influence in the lives of others. In that sense, we are all shepherds who need to ask ourselves that penetrating question. We are all called to communicate the whole counsel of God to this generation of followers and would-be followers of Christ, as well as relay that same message to the next generation. It’s what Christ meant in his Great Commission when he told us to make disciples by teaching others to obey everything he commanded. He also said in John 8:32, that if we would hold to his teaching, then we are really his disciples.
God’s Word, the “whole counsel of God” to which Paul referred, will soothe the wearied soul. It will be a balm to the hurting. For others it will encourage, build up, lead, guide, correct and convict. For the rebellious and hopeless it can present inexpressibly good news. For others it will prick the conscience and even stir up anger. Yet we can be assured it will accomplish exactly what God desires in the lives of those whom God has entrusted to our care, in our spheres of influence. And that, along with the joy of obeying God in such things, should be all the motive and affirmation we need. Thanks be to God.
Be on your guard; stand firm in the faith; be courageous; be strong. Do everything in love.